4 Types of Whiskey You Need to Know
Whiskey is a type of distilled alcohol. It is made from grain mashes of corn, rye, barley, and wheat. These grains are fermented and then distilled using different heating and cooling temperatures to produce whiskey. There are many types and classes of whiskey based on what they’re made of, how they’re made, and how long it takes them to age. All these factors combined determine the quality, alcohol content, taste, and value of the whiskey.
Whiskey is aged in wooden casks made up of white oak trees. Aging is the time spent in the wooden casks right after the distillation process. Whiskey makers store whiskey in these wooden barrels to enhance the taste and quality. Different types of whiskey require different storage durations.
In this blog, we are going to list down some common types of whiskey that everyone should know about.
Irish whiskey is known for its smooth taste. It is made from grains of mashed malt. Irish whiskey is distilled using water. It is mixed with caramel during distillation to achieve its unique color. Most Irish whiskey takes two to three years to age. So, it’s stored in wooden casks right after distillation. Besides, you can also mix Irish whiskey to make different whiskey cocktails.
Scotch whiskey, commonly known as Scotch is made in Scotland. It is made from malt grains. There are proper distillation rules that need to be followed in the making of Scotch whiskey to ensure its taste. These rules include storing the whiskey in white oak barrels for aging for at least three years. In addition, the whiskey bottles should have their age statement. Scotch is sipped neat and it’s mostly preferred as an after-dinner drink.
Bourbon is an American-style whiskey, made from fermented corn grains. It tastes sweet and smooth. However, there are some specific guidelines that bourbon makers need to follow. For instance, the base spirit should have at least 51% corn. Moreover, the spirit needs to age in oak barrels. Bourbon whiskey contains 40% alcohol content and is used as a base spirit in making mint juleps.
Rye whiskey is also an American-style whiskey. It is made from rye, corn, and barely. The rye concentration should be 51% to get its signature taste. The distillation process of rye whiskey is similar to bourbon. There are several types of rye whiskey as well, based on different aging periods. It has a distinct spicier taste, unlike bourbon.
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